The French and Indian War, 1754-1763
Native Americans traded furs with colonists for European goods. Arriving first in the west, the French had claimed the land along the Mississippi River in 1682. Seeking control of the fur trade along the Ohio River valley, Great Britain began fighting with France and their Native American allies in 1754 in a series of battles known as the French and Indian War.
The Treaty of Paris officially ended the conflict in 1763, giving Canada, the Great Lakes, and most of the Mississippi River land to Britain. Louisiana was not included because France had secretly given it to Spain the year before. Some French colonists moved further west, but many remained, becoming British subjects.